Editorial Foreword

The present 7th volume of International Journal of Philosophy and Public Affairs discusses the problem of identity on various levels: individual/personal, group and the national. It also considers the issue of development with a particular focus on the African continent.

Among the contributions on Identity is Dr. I. Enweh’s paper captioned “Identity and Relation: From Phenomenology to the Ontology of Personhood”. He challenges prevailing conceptions of personhood in African context, arguing that such conceptions are socio-culturally cum phenomenologically based. For him, the notion of person is very fundamental, transcending all phenomena; hence, ontological.

However, Dr. A. Areji (a senior academic researcher in African philosophy) makes a critique of Enweh’s paper, accusing him of reducing such a complex notion of personhood to an ontological one, and then questioned: “is it possible to know the whole without knowing its various constituent parts?” For Dr. Areji, “no one approach can claim superiority over the other because personhood is multidimensional”. Dr. Enweh later replied to Areji’s objections: a good exchange of ideas that is found in the Discussion forum of this journal.

Contributing also to the Identity-discourse, but from the angle of a group identity, Associate Prof. Umezinwa writes on “A hermeneutic Appreciation of Okere’s Discourse on Egbe Bere Ugo Bere as Igbo Notion of Justice and Peace”. Appreciating Okere’s thought on this distinctive identity of the Igbo,
Umezinwa criticizes Okere’s critic, Dr Ajah, arguing that he misread Okere’s Essay. As Umezinwa notes, Okere does not deny violence in Igbo nation, but insists that “what Okere says ad nauseam is that violence is not the fundamental option in Igbo peace ethics”.

It can equally be said that Dr. Lawrence Boakye’s paper: “Promoting Indigenous Knowledge andits Contribution to Sustainable Development in Ghana” is a work on the issue of identity in relation to development. Setting off from three general approaches to development, the author opted for a neopopulist approach that recognizes the needs, potentials and epistemological values of a people as necessary ingredients for sustainable development.

From a linguistic-analytic bent, Dr. Uche Igboamulu examines the problem of naming which connects basically with the question of identity. This is because we give a name to an individual or an object to properly identify him/her/it. But there is more to the issue of identification. Dr. Igboamalu makes an appraisal of the issues involved here with a focus on the position of Kripke, a notable contributor to the discussion. Captioning his paper as “Appraisal of Saul Kripke’s Causal Reference Theory”, Igboamalu, first of all, articulates Kripke’s critique of the Descriptivists’ theories of naming as well as Kripke’s own causal theory. He then goes on to appraise the causal theory in general, without failing to unveil two major problems with regard to Kripke’s own
version of the causal theory.

With regard to the articles on development, the authors, Antwi, Gedzi & Wiafe write on an ever topical subject of religious tolerance and peaceful co-existence that engender development. The trio write from a biblical perspective with the caption: “Jonah: Crossing Religious Boundaries Towards
Peaceful Co-Existence and Development”. In it, they argue that the book of Jonah, a post-exilic literature, presents a theology of universalism and inclusivism – values that provide fertile ground for religious tolerance, peaceful co-existence and social progress.

Another group of authors discusses a current topic in development called “Sustainable Development Goals”. The discussion is done by Dr. Cletus Onyema Obasi and Dr. Philip Igbo who outlined the goals, commented on their ethics, exposed the challenges confronting their implementation in Africa and then suggested how the Youth can be veritable instruments in the implementation of such goals.

This volume concludes with a presentation of a contemporary and encyclopedic volume on sociopolitical theories. We are grateful to Charles Okoro (a prospective expert-epistemologist) who makes the review.


USA Offices

  • Ralphael Chijioke Njoku
  • Idaho State University, USA.

  • Prof. Zephyrinus Okonkwo
  • Albany State University Georgia, USA

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  • Dr. Matthew I. Nwoko
  • Kolpingstrasse 1B.

  • 28195 Bremen, Germany.
  • matthew.nwoko@gmx.de

Journal Secretariat

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